Floridata Article

Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

Tiger Swallowtail
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands, forest edges, old fields, pastures, and urban parks Garden Abundance: Occasional to common Wingspan: 3.5 to 5.5in Larval Host Plants:Wild cherry (Prunus serotina), ash (Fraxinus spp.), sweet bay (Magnolia virginiana) and tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera) Favorite Adult Nectar Sources: Joe Pye weed (Eupatorium fistulosum), butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii), thistles (Cirsium spp.) and buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)

One of the largest and most spectacular butterflies in the eastern U.S., the tiger swallowtail is equally at home in country meadows or city parks. Like most swallowtail butterflies, it is a strong and rapid flier, and it often glides between wing beats. The tiger swallowtail can frequently be seen soaring at treetop level. A common and conspicuous garden visitor, the tiger swallowtail is especially fond of red, pink and purple colored flowers.

he tiger swallowtail is sexually dimorphic. Males always have the typical yellow and black striped tiger-like color pattern, but some females are mostly black (called dark-form females), a color pattern that has evolved to mimic the toxic pipevine swallowtail.

Larvae of the tiger swallowtail feed on a wide variety of trees. The young caterpillars are brown and white and look like bird droppings. Mature caterpillars are bright green with rows of small blue spots down the sides and a pair of false eye-spots on the enlarged “shoulder” region. The eye-spots make the larva look like a small snake and help to scare away would-be predators.

Butterfly Gallery Menu Butterfly Gallery

Master Plant List

Click here to find plants in our Encyclopedia using the Master Plant List grid. Use this widget to search, sort and filter Floridata's plant database to easily locate Plant Profile pages. Use the dropdown menus to filter the grid to display items matching the selected Plant Type and Feature tags.

Plant Type Tags

tree icon
shrub icon
perennial plant icon
aquatic plant icon
cactus and succulents icon
grass icon
vine icon

Feature Tags

Attracts Birds
Attracts butterflies
Attracts Hummingbirds
Edible Plants
Cutting and Arranging
for pots and containers
drought tolerant plants
grows in wet soils
ornamental fruits
fall color
foliage plants
easy to grow plants
fast growing

Site Search

Use Google to search all of the pages on Floridata including the Plant Profile pages

Newest Plant Profiles


More Floridata:

Copyright 2015 Floridata.com LLC