Floridata Plant Encyclopedia

A Floridata Plant Profile 504 Pinus echinata

Common Names: shortleaf pine, yellow pine, shortstraw pine Family: Pinaceae (pine Family)


The most widely distributed southern pine, Shortleaf is a large evergreen tree attaining heights of 80 to 100 feet and diameters of 1.5 to 3 feet. Its dark blue-green needles occur in bundles of two (rarely three), and are slender and flexible. It produces dull brown conical or oval cones up to 2 ½ inches long that persist on the tree for many years (this is a good identification trait for this tree!) It generally has a long clear bole with a small pyramid shaped crown.


Shortleaf pine, Pinus echinata, is native to the eastern United States from New Jersey south to north Florida then west to southern Missouri eastern Oklahoma and southeast Texas. It is NOT found on the upper slopes of the Appalachian Mountains or in the Mississippi river valley.


Short leaf pine is not particular about soil - very adaptable. Light: Prefers full sunlight. Moisture: Likes average moisture but is drought tolerant. Hardiness: USDA Zones 6 - 8. Propagation: Propagate from seed.


One of the four species in the southern United States designated as Southern Yellow Pine. These are all very important timber species in the forest products trade. Its wood is well suited to use for lumber, plywood and pulpwood. It is also used occasionally as an ornamental.


Planted as widely spaced individuals, this tree can become quite stately over time. It is one of the few pines that has the ability to sprout from the root collar if damaged as a juvenile.


This tree can be somewhat messy, dropping cones and small branches onto manicured lawns.

Steve Christman 09/30/98

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Pinus species profiled on Floridata:

Pinus clausa

( sand pine, scrub pine )

Pinus echinata

( shortleaf pine, yellow pine, shortstraw pine )

Pinus elliottii

( slash pine )

Pinus flexilis

( limber pine,Rocky Mountain white pine )

Pinus mugo

( mugo pine, mountain pine, Swiss mountain pine, mugho pine, dwarf mountain pine )

Pinus nigra

( Austrian pine, European black pine )

Pinus palustris

( longleaf pine, southern yellow pine, heart pine, southern pine )

Pinus strobus

( eastern white pine, northern white pine, northern pine, soft pine )

Pinus sylvestris

( Scots pine, Scotch pine )

Pinus taeda

( loblolly pine )

Pinus thunbergii

( black pine, Japanese black pine )

Pinus virginiana

( Virginia pine,Jersey pine,poverty pine,scrub pine )

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