Floridata Plant Encyclopedia

A Floridata Plant Profile 22 Caryota urens

Common Names: jaggery palm, toddy palm, wine palm Family: Arecacea (palm Family)

Toddy palm


The toddy palm is a fast growing feather leaf palm that makes a beautiful addition to the landscape. It grows to about 30 ft (9 m) tall with a gray trunk that is decorated with regularly spaced leaf scar rings. Toddy palm resembles a single trunked fishtail palm (Caryota mitis) with which it shares many characteristics, including a leaf shape that resembles the tail fin of a fish. When these palms reach about 20 ft (6 m) in height, they start producing flowers at the top of the trunk, with subsequent flowers produced lower and lower on the trunk. When the lowest flower blooms, the tree dies.


Caryota urens is an Asian species that grows naturally from India to Burma and on the island nation of Sri Lanka. It occurs from moist flatlands at sea level, to mountainous rain forests up to 1000 ft (300 m) in altitude.


Light: Toddy palm thrives in full sun to part shade. Moisture: This palm prefers a rich, moist, but well drained soil. Hardiness: USDA Zones 9 - 10. A mature toddy palm can handle temperatures as low as 26°F (-3°C) without damage, but young palms must be protected from frost. Seeds obtained from populations living at higher altitudes are more cold hardy and more frost resistant. Propagation: Some seeds will germinate in about four months; others may take as long as a year. Keep them warm to hasten germination.


Use this quick growing (but short lived) palm to provide texture and interest to groupings. Also use it in shrub borders, for quick shade over a patio, or as a lawn specimen.


The sap of toddy palm is very high in simple sugars. In India and other Asian countries, this palm is tapped for its syrup which is often fermented into an alcoholic beverage called toddy. The syrup is also processed into a granular sugar called jaggery.


Avoid contact with the red fruit produced by this palm. It contains oxalic acid which is toxic when ingested, and contact with skin may result in severe chemical burns.

Steve Christman 10/1/07

Master Plant List

Click here to find plants in our Encyclopedia using the Master Plant List grid. Use this widget to search, sort and filter Floridata's plant database to easily locate Plant Profile pages. Use the dropdown menus to filter the grid to display items matching the selected Plant Type and Feature tags.

Plant Type Tags

tree icon
shrub icon
perennial plant icon
aquatic plant icon
cactus and succulents icon
grass icon
vine icon

Feature Tags

Attracts Birds
Attracts butterflies
Attracts Hummingbirds
Edible Plants
Cutting and Arranging
for pots and containers
drought tolerant plants
grows in wet soils
ornamental fruits
fall color
foliage plants
easy to grow plants
fast growing

Site Search

Use Google to search all of the pages on Floridata including the Plant Profile pages

Caryota species profiled on Floridata:

Caryota mitis

( fishtail palm )

Caryota urens

( jaggery palm, toddy palm, wine palm )

More Floridata:

Copyright 2015 Floridata.com LLC