Floridata Plant Encyclopedia

A Floridata Plant Profile 185 Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'

Common Names: Burford's holly Family: Aquifoliaceae (holly Family)

Burford holly
Burford holly


Burford hollies look distinguished, with their glossy leaves and dense, handsome habit of growth. They are usually planted in a grouping as a hedge or border and sheared evenly; used this way, they are hard to improve on. Burford hollies are mostly seen at 8-12', but over time may reach a height of 20' or more. Lower branches may be removed on large specimens to achieve a tree form. Leaves have a sharp point at the tip, and some leaves develop two spines on the side. Burfords berry freely and without pollination, and the fruit lasts for months, providing a food source for birds into late spring. (Birds seem to prefer other types of holly berry to Burford berries, but will eat these when others are not available.) Dwarf Burford hollies (I. cornuta burfordii 'nana') do not berry as heavily but have other qualities of the full sized Burfords, and may be used where a shorter shrub (5-8') is preferred.


Ilex cornuta burfordii Native to Eastern Asia.


A very adaptable shrub. Prefers slightly acid, rich, well drained soil but tolerates a wide pH range and many soil types. Resistant to drought and heat, and tolerates wet soil as well. Light: Sun to partial shade. Moisture: Moist to dry. Hardiness: USDA Zones 8 - 9. Propagation: Propagate from cuttings; rooting hormone helps.
Burford holly
Burford holly


Hedges and borders. Dwarf Burfords often used as foundation shrubs.


Glossy foliage; showy, long-lasting berries.

Steve Christman 1/13/98

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Ilex species profiled on Floridata:

Ilex 'Mary Nell'

( Mary Nell holly, Mary Nelle holly )

Ilex cassine

( Dahoon holly )

Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'

( Burford's holly )

Ilex crenata

( Japanese holly,box-leaved holly,boxleaf holly )

Ilex decidua

( possumhaw, possum haw )

Ilex glabra

( gallberry, inkberry, bitter gallberry, evergreen winterberry, inkberry holly, Appalachian tea )

Ilex myrtifolia

( myrtleleaf holly, myrtle holly, myrtle dahoon, myrtleleaf dahoon )

Ilex opaca

( American holly )

Ilex verticillata

( common winterberry, black alder, coralberry, Michigan holly )

Ilex vomitoria

( yaupon, yaupon holly )

Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens'

( Nellie Stevens holly )

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