October 14, 2017

The weather has been so beautiful in my neighborhood that I was inspired to plant almost 100 tulip bulbs! Plant a few spring blooming bulbs now and next spring you'll be very glad you did! Visit Floridata often, tell your friends about us and be good and grow. Jack

New Profile

Japanese hornbeam Japanese hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) is a smallish deciduous tree. Its compact form, handsome profile and interesting fruits make Japanese hornbeam a suitable landscaping choice for small spaces. This low maintenance little tree is ideal for shady areas under big pines or oaks in USDA Zones 4-8. Read the profile »

Here are two other Carpinus species that you can read about at Floridata:


shiny sumac Shining or winged sumac (Rhus copallinum) is a fast growing and short lived deciduous shrub or small tree. Winged sumac often forms thickets, a mass of this in bloom, in fruit or in fall color makes a memorable sight. It is a native of the eastern United States ranging from southeastern Maine south to Florida.

staghorn sumac Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) is another North American native that grows as shrubby colonies of stems and occasionally as a standalone tree. Dense flower clusters at the tip of the stems mature into showy scarlet fruits. Europeans have long valued staghorn sumac as an ornamental and Native Americans made a drink from the fruit which tastes like lemonade and has a high vitamin C content.

staghorn sumac in bloom Unlike the staghorn sumac species, 'Dissecta' has deeply dissected leaves that resemble those of ferns. This cultivar of Rhus typhina is popular with landscape designers.


Mexican bush sage Back home in North Florida (Zone 8), the Mexican bush sage is blooming now along with the big yellow forsythia sage and a pretty pink autumn sage that looks pretty boring most of the time but makes up for it at this time of year. Members of the genus Salvia are often referred to collectively as the "sages". While many gardeners are familiar with the bedding annual, scarlet sage (S. splendens), there are many other ornamental Salvia species to consider.

garden sage The familiar culinary sage (Salvia officinalis), of turkey dressing fame and other savory dishes, is a hardy perennial (to Zone 5). In addition, this easy-growing plant produces beautiful blue blossoms in summer. Here is a sampler of just a few of the Salvia species profiled at Floridata:


soft leaf yucca seed pod Adam's needle (Yucca filamentosa) is the most frost hardy of the Yuccas (it goes by different names depending on region, some of which some botanists assign to separate species. The seed pods on the plants here in Greater Cincinnati are ripe and some look like weird creatures like this one. Download large versions of this and other images from the Adam's Needle Profile's Image Gallery

Poison Ivy Berries I don't like poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans but I can't help but admire the plant's handsome white berries - and many species of birds absolutely love them! The foliage also put on fine autumn display of color so if poison ivy comes a'creeping around your place, you might not want to automatically kill it if it's not in your way.

Seedy and Thorny

honeylocust seed pods Most of the thornless honeylocust (Gleditsia triacanthos) cultivars are also sterile and produce few seed pods. I saw these on a wild tree and want to report that they are huge (over a foot long) and full of big seeds that resemble lima beans so it's easy to understand why you wouldn't want them all over your yard once a year.

honeylocust thorns This image illustrates why thornless honeylocust ( Gleditsia triacanthos) cultivars are preferred in the landscape. Trunks of mature trees are often covered from top to bottom with these monster multi-pronged thorns that are sometimes two long!.

Fall Foliage Plant List icon Visit Floridata's Master Plant List with filter set to Fall Foliage Plants to see more species whose leaves turn in autumn.

Fall Fruits

pomegranates These pomegranates languished on limb for long past their prime, they fermented, swelled and popped their rinds. The birds and squirrels enjoyed antioxidant rich treats and a hell of a time. Click here to download a large (800x600) version of this pretty pomegranate picture.

lotus seed pod A big patch of lotus (Nelumbo lutea) grows in a pond along one of my favorite dog walks. When water levels are low at this time of year, it's easy to take nice pictures of the stylish lotus seedpods. Click to download a large version of this pretty pod picture.

Chinaberry fruits The Chinaberries (Melia azedarach) are ripening now. Even though they're toxic, some birds eat them anyway, eventually to poop out the undigested seeds. These germinate into mini-forests of invasive Chinaberry trees - especially beneath utility lines and other places where birds roost. In The Deep South, a Chinaberry tree planted in the yard was traditionally thought to bring good luck. They don't, so if you have one in your yard, the best luck might be from chopping it down. Click to download a large version (800x600) of this Chinaberry cluster.


shiitake Steve grows shiitake mushrooms on lengths of water oak log. He sent this picture of his mushroom garden (download large version), just refreshed by a passing rain show. They are nutritious and delicious and you can easily Grow Your Own Shiitake Mushrooms.

Southern Favorites

orchid cactus The orchid cactus (Epiphyllum spp.) is a tropical epiphyte whose genus is comprised of more than a dozen species and hundreds of hybrids. At my place in Tallahassee, Fl (Zone 8), I had one growing outdoors on the porch. It sheltered indoors during hard freezes but otherwise took care of itself. I miss my orchid cactus (it's found a good home growing down the side of a friend's barn).

Pinecone Ginger A favorite pass-along plant in The South and other warm climate regions is the pinecone ginger (Zingiber zerumbet), called awapuhi in Hawaii). It is known around the world as the "shampoo ginger" for the milky substance in the cones - it is actually used as a shampoo in Asia and Hawaii, and as an ingredient in several commercial shampoos.

Master Plant List

Click here to find plants in our Encyclopedia using the Master Plant List grid. Use this widget to search, sort and filter Floridata's plant database to easily locate Plant Profile pages. Use the dropdown menus to filter the grid to display items matching the selected Plant Type and Feature tags.

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Attracts Birds
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fall color
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Fall Bulbs 4 Spring Flowers

daffodils Plant bulbs like daffodils (those are 'Ice Follies' daffodils in the photo), tulips and hyacinths this fall (now!) for beautiful flowers next spring. Those living in the Deep South and similar warm climates have best success with the daffodils (Narcissus spp., includes jonquils, narcissus, etc.). Read the article and then check out Floridata's Narcissus spp. Profile.

More fall-planted bulbs for your spring garden:

Woody House Plants

serissa Serissa (Serissa foetida) is a small shrub that has tiny leaves that takes shearing well and is often used to create topiary, sculpted hedges and bonsai. The specific name foetida is from the Latin verb foetere meaning "to stink" which it does really well when you crush the foliage. Click here for more on this evergreen or semi-evergreen shrub for Zones 7-9 and everywhere as a container plant (great for bonsai). Here is a list of a few other woody plant that you can grow indoors:

Japanese aralia In warm winter climates (Zones 8+) the fatsia (Fatsia japonica) is often planted in very shady where its large evergreen leaves and stature serve to create lush, low-maintenance screens and backgrounds. At this time of year, plants are covered in showy spherical flower clusters. Japanese aralia can also be grown in containers indoors where it makes a beautiful specimen plant.

Plant to grow indoorsBrowse Floridata's Indoor Plants List.

Flowering Plants of Hawaii

Plants of HawaiiThe Hawaiian Islands are home to an array of native plant species that has attracted the attention of botanists, naturalists, horticulturists and world travelers ever since Europeans first visited the islands near the end of the 18th century. Read more »

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