Floridata Plant Encyclopedia

A Floridata Plant Profile 26 Celtis occidentalis

Common Names: hackberry, common hackberry, nettletree Family: Ulmaceae (elm Family)
Image Gallery

Description

Hackberry can attain very large proportions, but usually grows 40-60 ft (12-18 m) in height and 1-2 ft (30-60 cm) in diameter. When grown in the open, it develops a short bole and a large rounded crown. It has simple, elm-like leaves and can be identified by its many corky warts and ridges of bark on the trunk. In late summer it produces fruit in the form of small purple drupes.

Location

Celtis occidentalis is a native North American tree that is widely distributed in the east, the Great Plains, and sporadically in the south. Although hackberry is characteristically a tree of bottomland hardwood forests, it also occurs on limestone outcrops or limestone soils.


Culture

Light: Hackberry will grow in full sun to partial shade. Moisture: Hackberry likes a moist, but well drained soil. It is drought tolerant when it has to be. Hardiness: USDA Zones 2 - 9. Propagation: Seeds should be planted outside in autumn for spring germination.

Usage

Used principally as a shade and accent tree, hackberry is of secondary importance in the forest products trade in America. It makes a nice, subtle shade tree at the edge of the woodland garden. Rotary cut veneer stock has been offered to the trade under the name beaverwood.

Features

This large, gracefully spreading relative of the elms makes an excellent shade tree. It produces fruit which is a source of food for many animals and birds, including wild turkeys, pheasant, quail, and grouse. Hackberry is drought tolerant and has survived extreme dry periods in the Great Plains, such as the Drought of 1934 in Kansas.

Steve Christman 07/05/06, 7/21/16



Master Plant List

Click here to find plants in our Encyclopedia using the Master Plant List grid. Use this widget to search, sort and filter Floridata's plant database to easily locate Plant Profile pages. Use the dropdown menus to filter the grid to display items matching the selected Plant Type and Feature tags.

Plant Type Tags

tree icon
shrub icon
palm
perennial plant icon
aquatic plant icon
cactus and succulents icon
grass icon
vine icon

Feature Tags

Attracts Birds
Attracts butterflies
Attracts Hummingbirds
Edible Plants
Cutting and Arranging
medicinal
for pots and containers
indoors
shade
drought tolerant plants
grows in wet soils
flowers
ornamental fruits
fall color
foliage plants
evergreen
easy to grow plants
fast growing

Site Search

Use Google to search all of the pages on Floridata including the Plant Profile pages




Celtis species profiled on Floridata:


Celtis laevigata

( sugarberry, sugar hackberry, hackberry )

Celtis occidentalis

( hackberry, common hackberry, nettletree )

Copyright 2015 Floridata.com LLC